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ABOUT MALARIA

200305132026 - Kazungula Testing - Landscape, RDT, Testing, Volunteer, Zambia - James Patr
OVERVIEW

Half of the world is at risk for malaria, a preventable and treatable disease that kills more than 600,000 people annually.

Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is preventable and treatable. 

Malaria is only spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Therefore, preventing and eliminating the disease is possible.

*Photo credit for the infected cell image goes to Dr. Mae Melvin, USCDCP (link)

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Global Progress

1.7 Billion

Malaria cases averted between 2000 & 2020

(x)

10.6 Million

Lives saved from Malaria between 2000 & 2020

(x)

 

194 Million

Insecticide-treated mosquito nets supplied to Sub-Saharan Africa

 in 2020

(x - 66)

MALARIA STATISTICS

Global Malaria

241 Million

new malaria infections in 2020

(x)

627,000

deaths from Malaria in 2020

(x)

77%

of total malaria deaths among children under 5

(x)

Malaria in Africa & Sub-Saharan Africa

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95% 

of global malaria cases that occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2020

(x)

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80%

of malaria deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa that occurred in children
(x)

The Global Fight Against Malaria

There is progress against malaria: people at risk of malaria are half as likely to die as they were in 2000. 

Since 1962, 40 countries and territories that previously had malaria -- including the United States and other countries in the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia -- have become malaria free. It can be done! The countries most recently certified as malaria-free in 2021 are El Salvador and China. 

Despite this progress, malaria kills a person every minute, on average. 627,000 people died in 2020, of whom 96% were in Africa. 80% of those deaths were in children under the age of five. 

Global progress towards malaria elimination remains uneven, and progress has recently plateaued in several countries and has even reversed in some high-burden countries. New challenges to malaria elimination include threats of insecticide and drug resistance, and climate change. 

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COMMON MALARIA ELIMINATION TOOLS

Prevention Tools

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Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs)

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Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS)

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Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria for Pregnant Women (IPTp)

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Malaria Vaccine (RTS,S)

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Mass drug administration (MDA)

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Diagnosis and Treatment

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Rapid diagnostic testing

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Malaria treatment with ACTs (Artemisinin-based combination therapies)

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Easy access to diagnostic and treatment services

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Surveillance with Active case detection and treatment of malaria

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*Other malaria prevention tools and options are available. To learn more visit the World Health Organization’s website.  

OUR WORK

The Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative

The Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative is committed to malaria elimination through community mobilization along the shared borders of Angola, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

We believe that malaria can be eliminated only if those most affected have the knowledge, skills, and resources to prevent and treat the disease and to advocate for its elimination.

To learn more about the Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative, and its malaria elimination efforts, click here:

ADDITIONAL MALARIA RESOURCES

Learn more about malaria and efforts to eliminate it

Click the links below to learn more about malaria from a varied group of malaria experts and implementers.

Sources

Global Malaria Stats & Sources:

WHO. World Malaria Report 2021. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240040496. Accessed Dec 10, 2021.

African Malaria Stats & Sources:

5. Good -> "Global Malaria mortality fell 60% over the period 2000 to 2019.  The African Region [WHO region] achieved impressive reductions in its annual malaria death toll from 680,000 in 2019 to 366,000 in 2020" [iv, WHO]

6. Good -> "Manufacturer's delivery data for 2004-2019 show that nearly 2.2 billion insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) were supplied globally in that period, of which 1.9 billion (86%) were supplied to sub-Saharan Africa." [xviii, WHO]

7. Bad -> "The World Health Organization (WHO) African Region, with an estimated 215 million cases in 2019, accounted for about 94% of cases." [xiv, WHO]​

8. Bad -> Children under 5 years of age are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2019, they accounted for about two thirds of all malaria deaths worldwide." (https://www.who.int/health-topics/malaria#tab=tab_1)

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<a href="https://www.vecteezy.com/free-vector/africa">Africa Vectors by Vecteezy</a>

Nets, IRS, & SMC

"Globally, the percentage of the population at risk protected by indoor residual spraying (IRS) in malaria endemic countries declined from 5% in 2010 to 2% in 2019." [xix, WHO]

"The number of children reached with at least one dose of seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) steadily increased, from about 0.2 million in 2012 to 21.5 million in 2019." [xix, WHO]

"Manufacturer's delivery data for 2004-2019 show that nearly 2.2 billion insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) were supplied globally in that period, of which 1.9 billion (86%) were supplied to sub-Saharan Africa." [xviii, WHO]

 

Slowing Progress

The 2020 WHO report, one of the few thorough Malaria reports that gains have levelled off and many of their global malaria targets would be missed.  [vii, WHO]

"Between 2000 and 2015, global malaria case incidence declined by 27%, and between 2015 and 2019 it declined by less than 2%, indicating a slow rate of decline since 2015." [xiv, WHO]

COVID-19 added to the slowing global progress and most likely took the malaria fight a few steps back, however data is not available at this time so this is speculative.

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